Effect of Starter Solution and Age of Seedling on Growth and Yield of Broccoli (Brassica Oleracea Var. Italica)

Main Article Content

Ismita Akter Soniya
Tahmina Mostarin
Khaleda Khatun
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Sanjida Akhter
Iffat Sharmin
Shirajum Monira
Anannya Parvin

Abstract

A study was conducted at central farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural university, Dhaka during the period of October, 2017 to March, 2018 to investigate the influence of starter solution and age of seedling on the growth and yield of broccoli. The experiment consisted of two factors. Factor A: Four levels of starter solution as S0= 0% urea solution (control), S1= 1% urea solution, S2= 2% urea solution, S3= 3% urea solution and Factor B: Three levels of age of seedling as A1= 20 days of seedling, A2= 30 days of seedling, A3= 40 days of seedling. Application of the treatment influenced independently and also in combination on the growth and yield of broccoli. In case of starter solution, the highest yield (24.32 t/ha) was obtained from S2 (2% urea) treatment, whereas the lowest yield (13.21 t/ha) was recorded from S0 (0% urea) treatment. For three level of age of seedling the highest yield (20.75 t/ha) was obtained from A2 (30 days old seedling) treatment and the lowest yield (15.48 t/ha) was recorded from A3 (40 days old seedling) treatment. In case of combined effect the highest yield (26.91 t/ha) of broccoli was obtained from the treatment combination of S2A2 while the lowest (13.41 t/ha) was obtained from S0A3 treatment combination. Economic analysis revealed that S2A2 treatment combination was the best in respect of net return (3,24,890 tk) with benefit cost ratio of  2.5. So it may be concluded that 2% starter solution and 30 days age seedling was best for growth and yield of broccoli.

Keywords:
Benefit cost ratio, broccoli, seedling age, starter solution, yield

Article Details

How to Cite
Soniya, I., Mostarin, T., Khatun, K., Haq, M., Akhter, S., Sharmin, I., Monira, S., & Parvin, A. (2019). Effect of Starter Solution and Age of Seedling on Growth and Yield of Broccoli (Brassica Oleracea Var. Italica). Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science, 4(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcs/2019/v4i430081
Section
Original Research Article

References

Prasad S, Kumar U. Principle of Horticulture. Agrobotanica. 4E 176. J. N. Vyas Nabar, India. 1999;6.

Shoemaker JS, Benjamin JE, Teskey. Practical Horticulture. John wiley & sons. Inc. New York. 1962;219.

Ahmad KU, Shahjahan M. Homestead vegetable production: Training mannual, ofrd, Bari, Gazipur. 1991;1-24.

Roy R, Rahim MA, Alam MS. Effect of starter solution and GA on growth and yield of cabbage. J. Agrofor. Environ. 2010;3(2):187-192.

Chhonkar VS, Jha RN. The use of starter solutions and plant growth regulators in transplanting of cabbage and their response on growth and yield. Indian J. Hort. 1963;20(2):122-128.

Bose TK, Som MG. Vegetable crops in India. Naya Prokash 206, Bidhan Sarani, Calcutta, India; 1986.

Anonymous. Chinese cabbage or pet-sai In: Vegetable production in the sub- tropics and tropics. Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency, Japan, Text Book. 1992;25:146-157.

Thompson HC, Kelly WC. Cole crops. In: Vegetable Crops McGraw Hill Book Co. New York. 1957;15:280-281.

Alam MS, Iqbal TMT, Amin M, Gaffar MA. Krishitattic Fasaler Utpadan O Unnayan (in Bengali). Jubair Bin Iqbal TM, Sirajgonj. 1989;231-239.

Kaymak HC, Yarali F, Guvenc I. Effect of transplant age on growth and yield of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 2004;79(12):972– 978.

Chaudhury B, Singh SN. Seed treatment with plant regulators and their effect on the growth and yield of tomato (Lycoper.cicon esculenturn Mill.). Indian J. lIon. 1960; 17(1):48-55.

Damato G, Trotta L, Elia A. Cell size, transplant age and cultivar effects on timing of field production of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck) for processing. Acta Hort. 1990;371:53-57.

El-Afifi ST, Zaghloul MM, El- Sawy MBI, Hashim AMA. The effect of starter solutions in soil and foliar spray with some stimulants on growth and productivity of chinese cabbage. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ., 2014;5(1):21-40.

Begum G, Razzaque A, Siddique MA. Effect of date of planting on the production of cabbage seed. Bangladesh Hort. 1990; 18:39-43.

Todorova D. Effect of transplant age on the productive behaviors of broccoli (Brassicaoleracea var. italica Plenck). Plant Science. 2009;48:223-22.

Henmis S, Abe I, Endo T. The effect of starter solutions on the growth and yields of tomatoes and cabbage transplanted by machine. Bulletin of the Hort. Station, C. Morioka. 1973;8:27-40.

Grabows KA, Kunicki E, Libik A. Effects of age and cold storage of transplants on the growth and quality of broccoli. Poland Agricultural University. 2007;66:31-38.

Islam MN, Farooque AM, Mondal MF. Effect of starter solution on the growth and yield of cabbage. Bangladesh Hort. 1989;17(2):25-36.