Potential of Malian Landraces in Hybrid Combination
Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science,
The first possibility of economic hybrid seed production in sorghum has been discussed since the discovery of the genetic-cytoplasmic male-sterility. The greater advantage of hybrids to yields, compared to cultivars, has been demonstrated throughout the world. Hybrids made with local cultivars of Mali used as the male parents and were compared to their parents. Heterosis was observed in all stages of plant growth. Seedling vigour and seedling drought tolerance were emphatically better than the Malian parents. The frequency of landraces with fertility reactions was more frequent than those with maintainer reactions. Significant and positive heterotic effects were recorded for grain yield per panicle and the panicle yield components, seed number and seed weight. However, there was no scope for direct exploitation of the hybrids involving the ATx623 and Malian landrace parents. The typical Caudatum “turtle-back” seed shape was dominant in hybrid combinations with all Malian races. This seed shape renders the grain more difficult to dehull than local cultivars. The grain of hybrids made with guinea parents had a thick brown sub coat with astringent tannins, which was undesirable for food uses.
- local cultivars
- heterotic effects
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