Variability and Association of Some Morpho-agronomic Traits in Advanced Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes at Potential Areas of South Eastern Ethiopia

Temesgen Abo Ertiro *

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela Arsi, Ethiopia.

Gizachew Yilma Kebede

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela Arsi, Ethiopia.

Kedir Yimam Assen

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela Arsi, Ethiopia.

Gebeyaw Achenef Haile

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela Arsi, Ethiopia.

Deresa Tesfaye Gutu

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela Arsi, Ethiopia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Faba bean is an important pulse crop in Ethiopia; however its productivity is low due to lack of biotic and abiotic stresses tolerant varieties. The presence of genetic variability in the germplasm is important for the improvement of yield and other traits. Thus, this study was conducted to understand the extent of genetic variability and association for yield and yield related traits among existing faba bean genotypes. Fiftyfour genotypes were evaluated at two locations (Kulumsaand Asasa) using 9 x 6 alpha lattice design with two replications in 2022/23. The combined/pooled/ analysis of variance revealed that highly significant at (P≤0.01) and significant (P≤0.05) differences were observed among genotypes for all the traits. The phenotypic variance were higher than the genotypic variance of the traits, implies that the influence of the environment on the expression of traits. The genotypic coefficient of variation ranged from 1.89% for days to maturity to 16.14% for thousand seed weight and the phenotypic coefficient of variance value ranged from 2.49% for days to maturity to 17% for thousand seed weight. High estimate of heritability were recorded from days to 50% flowering, rust and thousand seed weight. High genetic advance were observed from thousand seeds weight and rust. Highest estimate of heritability with high genetic advance were observed from thousand seeds weight and rust. Seed yield had negative and highly significant correlation with days to maturity and rust at both genotypic and phenotypic levels, respectively. The genotypic path analysis showed that number of pod per plant exerted positive direct effect on seed yield followed by thousand seed weight, plant height and number of seeds per pod. The observed variations indicate the possibility for further improvement of grain yield and associated traits of faba bean genotypes by utilizing selected parental genotypes and targeted crossing schemes in breeding programs.

Keywords: Direct effect, genotypic association, genotypic variance, in-direct effect, phenotypic variance


How to Cite

Ertiro , Temesgen Abo, Gizachew Yilma Kebede, Kedir Yimam Assen, Gebeyaw Achenef Haile, and Deresa Tesfaye Gutu. 2023. “Variability and Association of Some Morpho-Agronomic Traits in Advanced Faba Bean (Vicia Faba L.) Genotypes at Potential Areas of South Eastern Ethiopia”. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science 8 (4):198-210. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcs/2023/v8i4199.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Yang SY, Wilkinson MJ, Wang Y, Jiang Li, Paull JG. Gene function expression profile of faba bean (Vicia fabaL.) seeds. J Appl Microbiol Biochem. 2017;1(3):1-10.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia). Report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season). Statistical Bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2020;1(586):10-29.

Bulti Merga, Meseret Chimdessa Egigu, Mulatu Wakgari. Reconsidering the economic and nutritional importance of faba bean in Ethiopian context, Cogent Food & Agriculture. 2019;5:1:1683938.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2019.1683938

Kaur S, Pembleton LW, Cogan NO, Savin KW. Transcriptome sequencing of field pea and faba bean for discovery and validation of SSR genetic markers. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:104.

Wondafrash Mulugeta, Kindie Tesfaye, Mezegebu Getnet, Seid Ahmed, Amsalu Nebiyu, Fasil Mekuanint. Quantifying yield potential and yield gaps of faba bean in Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 2019; 29(3):105-120.

Mussa J, Dereje G, Gemechu K. Procedures of faba bean improvement through hybridization. technical manual no. 21, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. 2008;48.

Link W, Balko C, Stoddard FL. Winter hardiness in faba bean: Physiology and breeding. Field Crop Res. 2010;115(3):287-296.

Mekuria W, Ashenafi M. Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vacia faba L.) Varieties for chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae L.) disease resistance at Bale Zone, Southeastern Ethiopia. Agri Res& Tech: Open Access J. 2018;18(4):556067.

DOI: 10.19080/ARTOAJ.2018.18.556067

Meselu YK. A review on the seed sector of Ethiopia: Prospects and challenges of faba bean seed supply. South Asian Journal of Development Research. 2019;1(1):44-54.

Available:http://aiipub.com/journals/sajdr-190514-021007/

Singh BD. Plant breeding: Principles and methods 6th Ed. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India; 2001.

Fikreselassie M, Seboka H. Genetic variability on seed yield and related traits of elite faba bean (Vicia fabaL.) genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2012;15(8):380-385.

Asnakech Tekalign, John Derera, Julia Sibiya. Phenotypic diversity among faba bean (Vicia Faba L) landraces from the Ethiopian highlands. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 2020;30(1):17–34.

Kebede Gizachew Yilma, Gebeyaw Achenef, Temesgen Abo. Genetic variability and character associations of faba bean (Vicia Faba L.) genotypes, southeastern Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science. 2022;7(2): 38–47.

Mesfin Tadele, Wassu Mohammed, Mussa Jarso. Genetic variability on grain yield and related agronomic traits of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes under soil acidity stress in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. 2019;4(4):52-58. DOI: 10.11648/j.cbe.20190404.12

Gomez KA, Gomez A. Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York; 1984.

Core Team R. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria; 2019.

URL Https://Www.R-Project.Org/.

El-Shal MH, El-Sayed Azza F. Assessment of some agro-morphological traits in genotypes of egyptian faba bean (Vicia FabaL.). AUJAS, Ain Shams Univ. 2019;27(1):271–80.

Available:http://strategy-plan.asu.edu.eg/AUJASCI/ 172

Kumar Praveen, Prashant Kaushik. Evaluation of genetic diversity in cultivated and exotic germplasm sources of faba bean using important morphological traits; 2020.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.01.24.918284

Deshmukh SN, Basu MS, Reddy PS. Genetic variability, character association and path coefficient analysis of quantitative traits in virginia bunch varieties of groundnut. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 1986;56:515–518.

Andualem Muche Hiywotu, Alemu Abate, Fisseha Worede, Abunu Marefia. Genetic variability in Ethiopian faba bean (Vicia faba L.) accessions, Cogent Food & Agriculture. 2022;8:1:2132847. DOI: 10.1080/23311932.2022.2132847

Kumar Praveen, Das RR, Bishnoi SK, Vinay Sharma. Inter-correlation and path analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L .). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2017; 8(1):395–97.

Kumar Praveen, Bishnoi S, Prashant Kaushik. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for seed yield and other agro-morphological traits in fababean (Vicia Faba L.) genotypesof different. 1246 Trends in Biosciences. 2017;10(4): 1246–48.

Dabholker AR. Elements of biometrical genetics, concept Pub. Co., New Delhi. 1992;431.

Mulualem T, Dessalegn T, Dessalegn Y. Genetic variability, heritability and correlation in some faba bean genotypes (Vicia faba L.) grown in Northwestern Ethiopia. Internal Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology. 2013;5(1):8–13.

Available:https://doi.org/10. 5897/IJGMB12.006

Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RF. Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in soybean and their implication in selection. Agronomy Journal. 1955;47:477-483.

Mulugeta B, Dagne K, Keneni G, Ahmed S, Tesfaye K. Genetic diversity studies of Ethiopian faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties based on phenotypic traits and inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2018;17:433–446.

Dewangan Narendra Kumar, Dahiya GS, Janghel DK, Arya RK. Correlation and path analysis in exotic and indigenous types of fababean for yield and its component traits. Forage Res. 2019;45(2): 159–61.

Available:http://forageresearch.in

Peyman Sharifi. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield component in some of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes Genetika. 2014;46(3): 905-914.