Local Management in the Varietal Diversity of Rainfed Rice (Oryza glaberrima) from Goh-Djiboua and Mountains Districts in Côte d’Ivoire

Aka Boigny Ange Aurèle

Laboratory of Biochemistry and Food Science, Training and Research Unit of Biosciences, Felix Houphouet-Boigny University, 22 P.O. Box 582, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

Konan N’Guessan Ysidor *

Training and Research Unit of Biological Sciences, Peleforo Gon Coulibaly University, P.O. Box 1328, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.

Biego Godi Henri Marius

Laboratory of Biochemistry and Food Science, Training and Research Unit of Biosciences, Felix Houphouet-Boigny University, 22 P.O. Box 582, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The awareness of farming practices regarding the varietal diversity management of cultivated crops is essential for setting up an in-situ preservation strategy. The objective of the current work was to probe the varietal diversity status of the rainfed rice and its management design in farming conditions. The study was implemented from Goh-Djiboua and Mountain Districts as significant locations for rainfed rice production in Côte d’Ivoire, through descriptive investigation at field led from 450 local farmers of traditional rainfed rice varieties. Data on the anthropological, production, and post-harvest preservation of the traditional rice varieties were collected.

The investigation evidenced the rice production as a gender activity accounting 58.5% men against 41.5% women. The most produced traditional rice varieties are spelled Danané (20.22%) and Danané fowl (17.80%). The rice seeds mainly result from self-production by the farmers investigated (91.3%), especially deriving from traditional varieties (96.6%). The cultivated lands are below 1 ha acreage for most farmers (63.1%) and are worked for auto-consumption needs (99.8%). Besides the survey exhibited four storage structures, most significant of which are the granaries (79.4%). Further attempts focusing nutritional and technological advantages of the traditional rice varieties could enhance their spreading in local culture of rainfed rice.

Keywords: Varietal diversity, rainfed rice, traditional production, preservation, Côte d’Ivoire

How to Cite

Aurèle, Aka Boigny Ange, Konan N’Guessan Ysidor, and Biego Godi Henri Marius. 2024. “Local Management in the Varietal Diversity of Rainfed Rice (Oryza Glaberrima) from Goh-Djiboua and Mountains Districts in Côte d’Ivoire”. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science 9 (2):98-107. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcs/2024/v9i2270.


Download data is not yet available.


FAO. Small and Medium Agro-Enterprises (SMAEs) and inclusive rice value chains in Africa: Kenya, Tanzania and Senegal, Ongoing research project, (Kelly, S. et al.) in memo. Food and Agriculture Organization. March. 2017;86.

Patricio MDV, Bauer JM, Maiga A, Ibrahim L. Crise rizicole, évolution des marchés et sécurité alimentaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Rice crisis, market trends and food Safety in West Africa. Ed. PAM, CIRAD, CILSS, FAO, FEWS. 2011;11. Website: www.wfp.org/content/afrique-de-l-ouest-crise-rizicole-evolutiondes-marches-et-securite-alimentaire-avril-2011. Roma, Italy.

FAO. Rice market monitoring. Food and Agriculture Organization. 2012;4. Available:http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/as201f/as201f.pdf.

Diagne A, Koné M, Sylla K, Touré A. Impact of trade liberalization on the rice sector: case of Côte d'Ivoire. Regional Workshop on Agricultural Policies & Food Safety in Sub-Saharan Africa. November 7-9, Cotonou, Benin. 2005;33. French.

Fall. Rice, a strategic foodstuff facing concerns. Folder on food safety or sovereignty. Agrovision, quarterly newsletter - CMA/AOC, Mai 2007 n°3, PRIECA/AO. French; 2007.

Africa Rice. Revitalizing of the rice sector in Africa: a research strategy for development during 2011-2020. Cotonou, Benin. 2012;10. French.

Gina K, Barbara B, Van NN. Rice and nutrition: implications of biotechnology and biodiversity for rice-consuming countries. International Rice Commission; Twentieth Session; 23-26 Juillet, Bangkok, Thaïlande; 2002.

USDA. New record for rice imports into Côte d'Ivoire. United States Developement Agency. 23 Avril, COMMODAFICA. 2019;1. French.

ONDR. Revised national strategy for the development of the rice sector in Côte d'Ivoire. National office of the développement of rice production. 2013;40. French

René B, Mahaman BS, Evrade LAE, Mathunaise VS, N’guessan H, Armstrong VB, N’Dri O, Djè KB, Biémi J. Trends in rainfall extremes in the Gôh region (central-western Côte d'Ivoire). European Scientific Journal. 2016;12(23):1857–7881.

Yao T, Chaléard JL. Peasants visions and environmental change in Côte d'Ivoire. Annales de géographie. Annals of Geography. 2007 ;653: 65-87.

Johnson F, N’Zi K, Seri-Kouassi, Foua-Bi K. Overview of storage problems and impact of insects on the preservation of rice and maize in farming environments: case of Bouaflé region - Côte d'Ivoire. European Journal of Scientific Research. 2012 ;83:349-363.

Fall AA. Rice value chain in West Africa: Performance, issues and challenges in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone and Sénégal. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2018;130: 13175 – 13186.

Aka BAA, Biego GH, Konan NY, Beye AM. Nutritive Compounds of Traditional Rainfed Rice (Oryza glaberrima) from Goh-Djiboua and Mountains Districts in Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review. 2024;33(4):40-51.

Missihoun AA, Agbangla C, AdoukonouSagbadja H, Ahanhanzo C, Vodouhè R. Traditional management and status of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) genetic resources in northwest Benin. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2012;6:1003-1018.

Gedur SA. Reference study on the agricultural productivity of rice in Mali. 2009;4.

FIRCA. The aheading chain, Act 7: the rice sector in Côte d’Ivoire. Interprofessional Fund for Agricultural Research and Consultancy. Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. 2011;6-8.

Yao NR, Oule AF, N’Goran KD. Study of the vulnerability of the agricultural sector to climate change in Côte d'Ivoire. Final Report, PNUD, Mai. 2013;62.

Boone P, Stathacos CJD, Wanzie RL. Sub-regional assessment of the maize value chain, technical report, Project ATP n°1. Bethesda, MD: Project ATP, Abt Associates Inc.). December, Ed. USAID. 2008;4.

Kotchi KJ, Aloko NJ. Informal marketing of local rice in Gagnoa. European Scientific Journal. 2015;11(16): 104-105.

Kéli ZJ, Assiri AA, Zakra AN. Crop associations based on perennial plants in Côte d'Ivoire: Assessment and prospects - Sciences et Nature. 2005;2(2):193-207. French.

WARDA/ADRAO. NERICA : rice, source of life. Ed. ADRAO, Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire. 2002;8. French.

N’Da A, Akanvou L, Kouakou K. Local management of the varietal diversity of purple maize (Zea mays L.) by Tagouana people in north-central Côte d'Ivoire. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2013;7:2058-2068. French.

Kouakou K, Akanvou L, Konan A, Mah YA. Farmers' strategies for maintaining and managing maize (Zea mays L.) biodiversity in the department of Katiola, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2010;33: 2100–2109. French.

Gueye MT, Seck D, Wathelet JP, Lognay G. Typology of maize storage and preservation systems in eastern and southern Senegal. Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society, Environment. 2012; 16(1): 49-58. French.

Waongo A, Yamkoulga M, Dabire-Binso C, Ba M, Sanon A. Post-harvest preservation of cereals in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso: Farmers' perceptions and stock assessment. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2013;7(3):1157-1167. French.

Niamketchi L, Chatigre O, Amane D, Nyamien Y, N’tchobo F, Ezoua P, Kouamé D, Biego H. Descriptive study of maize storage methods (Zea mays) used in rural environment in three zones of Côte d’Ivoire. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science. 2015;4: 663-672.