Defense Gene Expression of Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek., against Cercospora Leaf Spots (CLS)
Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science,
Most cultivars of Vigna radiata (L) Wilczek grown in Indian subcontinent are susceptible to various biotic and abiotic stresses. Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) is a major biotic stress resulting in poor yield of this crop. Therefore, it is essential to investigate resistance status of different cultivars to CLS and develop effective strategy. Present investigation was focused on the role of biochemical compounds in resistance response of this crop to CLS in naturally grown population and after artificial induction with pathogen derived elicitor. The defense responses in vivo and in vitro were analyzed in the form of phytoalexin genestein, PAL and PR- proteins in their leaves. PR-proteins, PAL and genestein were assayed employing established protocols. In naturally grown population, four cultivars- Kopergaon, TARM-1, TARM-2 and TARM-18 showed lesser accumulation of genestein and lower level of PAL and PR- proteins. However, Pant M-3, ML-1037 and ML-936 showed resistant interaction with very high accumulation of genestein, PAL and PR proteins. Similar trends of accumulation of these biochemicals were observed in in vitro condition after elicitation with pathogen derived elicitor. The correlation study showed that the cultivars with lower defense related expression showed high disease incidence (51-61%) and with higher defense related expression were with less than 5% CLS incidence. It could be stated that PR-proteins, PAL and genestein has prominent role in defense mechanism of mungbean against CLS as biochemical markers and further their utility in early screening for disease resistance of crop plants could be explored.
- Vigna radiate.
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