Efficacy Trial of AgroSuper (2, 4-D Dimethyl Amine Salt 720G/L SL) on Sorghum Broad Leaf Weed

Main Article Content

Dawit Fisseha

Abstract

Sorghum is susceptible to weed competition at its early stage of growth. The aim of this efficacy trial was to ensure that candidate chemical AgroSuper verification on a selective and effective control of broad leaf weed on Sorghum, after sorghum germination. RCBD with three replication experiment was carried out in Humera area in Humera Agricultural Research Center and Desta Berhe farm during 2019 rainy growing season using sorghum variety called Brhan. Pre and post spray weed count were subjected to efficacy calculation. Finally, new product of herbicide, AgroSuper (2, 4-D dimethyl amine salt 720G/L SL) 1.5 liter using 200-liter water solution per hectare was shown better performance than the standard check Aura 72SL. Therefore, the new AgroSuper could be suggested as an alternative selective herbicide during post-emergency to kill broad leaf weeds of sorghum.

Keywords:
Sorghum, efficacy, herbicide, spray, weed

Article Details

How to Cite
Fisseha, D. (2020). Efficacy Trial of AgroSuper (2, 4-D Dimethyl Amine Salt 720G/L SL) on Sorghum Broad Leaf Weed. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science, 5(2), 29-33. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajrcs/2020/v5i230093
Section
Original Research Article

References

Poehlman JM, Sleper DA. Breeding Field Crops. 4th ed, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa. 1995;494.

Dicko MH, Gruppen H, Traore AGY, Voragen WJ, Berkel H. Sorghum grain ashuman food in Africa: relevance of content of starch and amylase activities. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006;5 (5):384-395.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). Database of agricultural production. FAO Statistical Databases (FAOSTAT); 2012.

Available:http://faostat.fao.org/default.aspx

Ayana A, Bekele E. Geographical patterns of morphological variation in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) germplasm from Ethiopia and Eritrea: Qualitative characters. Hereditas. 1998;129:195-205.

Tesso T, Gutema Z, Deressa A, Ejeta G. An integrated striga management option offers effective control of striga in Ethiopia. In Integrating New Technologies for Striga control: Towards Ending the Witch-Hunt. 2007;199-212.

Dahlberg J, Berenji J, Sikora V, Latković D. Assessing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) germplasm for new traits: Food, fuels & unique uses. Maydica. 2011; 56:85-92.

Gudu S, Ouma EO, Onkware AO, Too EJ, Were BA, Ochuodho JO, Othieno CO, Okalebo JR, Agalo J. Preliminary Participatory On-farm Sorghum variety selection for tolerance to drought, soil acidity and Striga in Western Kenya. Maina Moi University, Kenya First Bio-Innovate. Regional Scientific Conference United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC-ECA) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2013.

Duodu KG, Taylor JRN, Belton PS, Hamaker BR. Factors affecting sorghum protein digestibility. Journal of Cera Science. 2003;38(2):117-131.

DIO: 10.1016/S0733-5210(03)00016-X

Wani SP, Albrizio R, Vaija NR. Sorghum: Crop yield response to water. FAO, Rome Italy. 2011;32.

USAID (United State Agency for International Development). Staple food value chain analysis. Country Report, Ethiopia Van Beuningen LT, Busch RH. Genetic diversity among North American spring wheat cultivars: III. Cluster analysis based on quantitativemorphological traits. Crop Sci. 2010;37:981-988.13.

CSA (Central Statistics Agency for Ethiopia,). Agricultural Sample Survey of Area and Production of Major Crops. 2015; (1):10-14.

Adugna A. Population genetics and ecological studies in wild sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)] in Ethiopia: Implications for germplasm conservation, PhD Thesis. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2012;5.

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR). Ethiopian strategy for sorghum 2014-2024. 2014;1-10.

Adugna A. The role of introduced sorghum and millet in Ethiopian agriculture, Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, Nazareth, Ethiopia. SAT Journal. 2007;(1).

Available:ejournal.icrisat.org

Stroud A. Weed management in Ethiopia: An extension and training manual. FAO, Rome; 1989.

Akobundu IO. Weed Science in the Tropics, Principles and Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. 1987;52219.

Tao B, Hu F. In The practical technology of weed chemical control. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press. 2009;3–18.

SPL (Scientific Phyto-pathological Laboratory). Progress report for 1987/88. Ambo, Ethiopia. 1988;21.

Fleming R, Retnakaran A. Evaluating single treatment data using abbot´s formula with modification. J. Econ. Entomol. 1985;78:1179-1181.

Vats S. Herbicides: History, classification and genetic manipulation of plants for herbicide resistance. In Lichtfouse, E. (ed.). Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 15. Springer International Publishing. 2015; 153–192.

Quastel JH. 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2,4-D) as a Selective Herbicide. Agricultural Control Chemicals. Advances in Chemistry. 1950;1:244–249.

DOI:10.1021/ba-1950-0001.ch045. ISBN 978-0-8412-2442-1.

Moss SR. Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. In Naylor REL (ed.). Weed management handbook (9th ed.). Blackwell Science Ltd. 2002;225– 252.

[ISBN 978-0-632-05732-0]