Phenotypic and Physiological Evaluation of Wheat Genotypes under Non-Saline and Saline Soil Conditions
Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science,
This study was conducted to assess the effect of soil salinity on leaf area (LA), the number of days to flowering (DF), plant height (PH), and grain yield. Overall, 60 wheat genotypes were used, including 49 CIMMYT elite lines and 11 commercially grown Egyptian wheat cultivars. During two growing seasons (2017 and 2018), the genotypes were grown in non-saline (S0) and saline (S1) soils. A randomized complete block design with three replicates was used in a split-plot arrangement. Salinity levels were randomly assigned to the main plots, while genotypes were randomly assigned to the subplots. The obtained results showed that the saline soil adversely affected the evaluated genotypes. Furthermore, a highly significant effect of genotypes × salinity was observed on grain yield and its attributed traits. Based on salinity indices results, some of the imported wheat genotypes outperformed the Egyptian cultivars in grain yield under salinity stress conditions. The results further indicated that Sakha-93, C-31, and C-40 were the most salt-tolerant genotypes. The best performing line among the CIMMYT lines was C-31, which recorded the highest grain yield under none-saline and saline soil in the two seasons of study.
- grain yield
- stress tolerance index.
How to Cite
Ali S, Khan S, Khan MJ, Ullah N, Rashid M, Ahmad W. Screening of various bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties in different saline soils on the basis of emergence and plant height. Sarhad J. Agric. 2018;34(3)563-568.
Mala K, Khan TI. Effect of different levels of salinity on growth and photosynthetic pigments of Wheat Plants (Triticum aestivum L. Var. Raj- 3765). Iosr J. Environ. Sci. Toxicol. Food Technol. 2017;11(05):17–20.
Saboora A, Kiarostami K. Salinity tolerance of wheat genotype at germination and early seedling growth. Pakistan. J. Biol. Sci. 2006;9(11):2009-2021.
Akbarimoghaddam H, Galavi M, Ghanbari A, Panjehkeh N. Salinity effects on seed germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars. Trakia J. Sci. 2011;9(1):43-50.
Sairam RK, Veerabhadra K, Srivastava GC. Differential response of wheat genotypes to long term salinity stress in relation to oxidative stress, antioxidant activity and osmolyte concentration. Plant Sci. 2002;163:1037-1046.
Fleury D, Jefferies S, Kuchel H, Langridge P. Genetic and genomic tools to improve drought tolerance in wheat. J. Exp. Bot. 2010;61(12):3211–3222.
Diaz De Leon JL, Escoppinichi R, Zavala-Fonseca R, Castellanos T, Roder MS, Mujeeb-Kazi A. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of salt-tolerant wheat genotypes. Cereal Res. Commun. 2010;38(1):15–22.
Mir RR, Zaman-Allah M, Sreenivasulu N, Trethowan R, Varshney RK. Integrated genomics, physiology and breeding approaches for improving drought tolerance in crops. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2012;125(4): 625–645.
Iqbal RM. Leaf area and ion contents of wheat grown under NaCl and Na2 SO4 salinity. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2003;6(17):1512-1514.
Kandil EE, Schulz R, Muller T. Response of some wheat cultivars to salinity and water stress. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 2013;9(8): 4589-4596.
Yassin M, Fara SA, Hossain A, Saneoka H, El Sabagh A. Assessment of salinity tolerance bread wheat genotypes: Using stress tolerance indices. Fresenius Environ. Bull. 2019;28(5):4199–4217.
El-Lakany MH, Hassan MN, Ahmed AM, Mounir M. Salt affected soils and marshes in Egypt; Their possible use for forages and fuel production. Reclam. Reveg. Res. 1986;5:49-58.
Hasan MM, Baque MA, Habib MA, Yeasmin AM, Hakim MA. Screening of salt tolerance capability of wheat genotypes under salt stress condition. Univers. J. Agric. Res. 2017;5(4): 235-249.
Ragab KE, Taha NI. Evaluation of nine egyptian bread wheat cultivars for salt tolerance at seedling and adult-plant stages materials and methods . J. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 2016;7 (2):147-159.
Rosielle AA, Hamblin J. Theoretical aspects of selec- tion for yield in stress and non-stress environment. Crop Sci. 1981;21:943–946.
Fischer RA, Murrer R. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars , 1 . Grain yield responses. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 1978;29.
Guttieri MJ, Stark JC, Brien K, Souza E. Relative sensitivity of spring wheat grain yield and quality parameters to moisture deficit. Crop Sci. 2001;(41):327-335.
Fernandez GCJ. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. Proceedings of the International Symposium on “Adaptation of Vegetables and other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress. Taiwan. 1992; 257 -270.
Khakwani AZ, Dennett MD, Munir M. Drought tolerance screening of wheat varieties by inducing water stress conditions. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 2011;33:135-142.
KumawatK R, Gothwal DK, Singh D. Salinity tolerance of lentil genotypes based on stress tolerance indices. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 2017;6(4):1368–1372.
Gadallah MA, Milad SI, Mabrook YM, Abo Yossef YA, Gouda MA. Evaluation of Some Egyptian bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under salinity stress. Alexandria Scien.Exchange. Jour. 2017;38(2).
Amer MH, El-Guindy S, Rafla W. Economic justification of drainage projects in Egypt. In: Amer, MH, Ridder NA, (Eds.), L. Drain. Egypt. Drain. Res. Institute, Cairo. 1989;11(3):145–150:327-339.
Akbarpour OA, Dehghani AH, Rousta MJ. Evaluation of salt stress of Iranian wheat germplasm under field conditions. Crop Pasture Sci. 2015;66(8):770–781.
Aref F. Effect of saline irrigation water on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.). African J. Biotechnol. 2013;12(22):3503–3513.
Al-Naggar AMM, Sabry SRS, Atta MMM, Abd El-Aleem OM. Effects of salinity on performance, heritability, selection gain and correlations in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) doubled haploids. Sci. Agri. 2015 b;10(2):70-83.
Black CA, Evans DD, Whitw JL, Ensminger LE, Clark FE. Methods of soil analysis. Agron. 1965;9:2.
Chanda SV, Singh YD. Estimation of Leaf Area in Wheat Using. 2002;46(2).
Darwish MAH, Fares WM, Hussein EMA. Evaluation of some bread wheat genotypes under saline soil conditions using tolerance indices and multivariate analysis. J. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 2017;8(12):1383-1394.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York. 1984;23(2):15–28.
Bajji M, Bertin P, Lutts S, Kinet JM. Evaluation of drought resistance-related traits in durum wheat somaclonal lines selected in vitro. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 2004;44:27–35.
Turan MA, Katkat V, Taban S. Variations in proline, chlorophyll and mineral elements contents of wheat plants grown under salinity stress. J. Agron. 2007;6:137–141.
Eid MH, Bayoumi TY, Metwali EM. Agronomical traits and biochemical genetics markers associated with salt tolerance in wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L). 6th Int. Plant Breed. Conf. Ismailia, Egypt. 2009; 5(5):3-5:174–183.
Gurmani AR, Khan SU, Mabood F, Ahmed Z, Butt SJ, Din J. Screening and selection of synthetic hexaploid wheat germplasm for salinity tolerance based on physiological and biochemical characters. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2014;16(4):681–690.
Ghafoor MA, Irshad S, Ahmad S, Wahid MA, Rehman J, Hassan A. Evaluation of genotypic behavior of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L .) in saline-sodic soil conditions. J. Bio. Env. Sci. 2017;11(5):179–193.
AliY, Aslam Z, Ashraf MY, Tahir GR. Effect of salinity on chlorophyll concentration, leaf area, yield and yield components of rice genotypes grown under saline environment. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004;1(3):221–225.
Asadi M, Mohammadi-Nejad G, Golkar P, Naghavi H, Nakhoda B. Assessment of salinity tolerance of different promising lines of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Adv. Appl. Sci. Res. 2012;3(2)1117-1121.
Mans R, Rawson HM. Effect of salinity on salt accumulation and reproductive development in the apical meristem of wheat and barley. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 2004;26(5):459-464.
Tabatabaie SM, Nakhoda B, Mohammadi-Nejad G, Yousefi K, Mousavi SR. Evaluation of some salt tolerance criteria in wheat lines. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci. 2011;1(11):500-506.
Farshadfar E, Sutka J. Screening drought tolerance criteria in maize. Acta Agron. Hung. 2002;50(4):411–416.
Singh S, Sengar RS, Bhatnagar SK, Chand P, Yadav MK, Singh RR. Assessment of genetic variability of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for salinity using salt tolerance indices. Int. J. Agric. Innov. Res. 2015;3(3):874–879.
Hosseini SJ, Sarvestani ZT, Pirdashti H. Analysis of tolerance indices in some rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes at salt stress condition. Int. Res. J. Appl. Basic Sci. 2012;3(1):1-10.
Jamshidi A, Javanmard HR. Evaluation of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes for salinity tolerance under field conditions using the stress indices. Ain Shams Eng J; 2017.
Reynolds MP, Trethowan RM. Physiological interventions in breeding for adaptation to abiotic stress. CAB international. 2007;21:129–146.
Abstract View: 55 times
PDF Download: 65 times