Residual Effect of Cow Dung Fertilizer to Corn (Zea mays L.) Growth and Yield in Planting Period II in Marginal Land
Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science,
Aims: The research aimed to study the potential of cow dung fertilizer residue in increasing the growth and yield of corn plant in planting period II on marginal dry land.
Study Design: Singel factor design in Randomized block design.
Place and Duration of Study: The research was conducted in Field Laboratory of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Halu Oleo, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. The study was conducted for four months.
Methodology: Single factor design in Randomized block design was used in the research. consists of 6 treatment levels of cow manure residue that have been applied in the previous planting period (planting period I), namely: without cow manure (R0), using cow manure 2.5 t ha-1 (R1), 5 t ha-1 (R2), 7.5 t ha-1 (R3), 10 t ha-1 (R4) and 12.5 t ha-1 (R5). Each treatment was placed in three groups so that there were 18 experimental units. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance and continued by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) 95% confidence level.
Results: The results showed that the vegetative growth of corn plant 30 day after planting (dap) and plant yield was affected by residual effect of cow dung that applicated in the planting periode I, thus with P uptake by plant and available P in planting medium.
Conclusion: Plant productivity during planting period II more increased with the higher dose of cow manure applied during planting period I. The highest plant productivity (3.88 t ha-1) in planting period II was obtained by application of cow dung 12.5 t ha-1 during planting period I. While in the planting medium without cow dung, no seeds formation was found in plants.
- Marginal land
- organic fertilizer
- residual effect
How to Cite
Gezahegn AM, Martini MY. Effects of Residual Organic Manure and Supplemental Inorganic Fertilizers on Performance of Subsequent Maize Crop and Soil Chemical Properties. Int. J. Res. Studies Agric. Sci. 2020;6(1):1-9.
Pujiasmanto B, Sunu P, Toeranto, Imron A. The influence of kind and dose of manure in relation to creat growth and yield (Andrographis paniculata Ness.). J. Soil Sci. Agroclimat. 2009;6:81-90.
Kuntyastuty H, Muzaiyanah S. Effect of organic fertilizer and its residual on cowpea and soybean in acid soils. J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. 2017;5 (1):987-994.
Esmaielpour B, Rahmanian M, Khorramdel S, Gharavi H. Effect of Organic Fertilizers on Nutrients Content and Essential Oil Composition of Savory (Satureja hortensis L.). Agritech. 2018;38(4):433-441.
Sofyan ET, Sara DS. The Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Applications on N, P and K Uptake and Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt). J. Trop Soils. 2018;23(3):111-116.
Huang J, Yu Z, Gao H, Yan X, Chang J et al. Chemical structures and characteristics of animal manures and composts during composting and assessment of maturity indices. PLoS ONE. 2017;12.
Kuntyastuti H, Lestari SAD, Sutrisno S. Effects of organic fertilizer and plant spacing on early medium maturity soybean. J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. 2018;5:1171-1179.
Hasid R., Arma MJ, Nurmas A, Halim, Arsana MW. Effect of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal formulations with cow dung to phosphorus uptake, growth and yield of local corn (Zea mays L.) in Marginal land. Asian J. Plant Sci. 2021; 20(2):196-202.
Zaman MM, Chowdhury T, Nahar K, Chowdhury MAH. Effect of cow dung as organic manure on the growth, leaf biomass yield of Stevia rebaudiana and post harvest soil fertility. J. Bangladesh Agric. Univ. 2017;15:206-211.
Shahzad K, Khan A, Smith JoU, Saeed M, Khan SA, Khan SM. Residual effects of different tillage systems, bioslurry and poultry manure on soil properties and subsequent wheat productivity under humid subtropical conditions of Pakistan. Int. J. Biosci. 2015;6(11):99-108.
Cattaneo F, Barbanti L, Gioacchini P, Ciavatta C, Marzadori C. 13C abundance shows effective soil carbon sequestration in miscanthus and giant reed compared to arable crops under Mediterranean climate. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 2014;50(7):1121-1128.
Shehzadi S, Shah Z, Mohammad W. Residual effect of organic wastes and chemical fertilizers on wheat yield under wheat-maize cropping sequence. Soil and Environ. 2014;33(2):88-95.
Yasodha M, Chinnusamy C. Direct and residual effect of organic manures and inorganic fertilizer application in brinjal + onion - cowpea - sunnhemp cropping system. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;8(3):2335-2339.
Lestari SAD, Sutrisno, Wijanarko A, Kuntyastuti H. Efek Residu Kacang Hijau Pertanaman Pertama pada Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kacang Tunggak Pertanaman Kedua di Lahan Kering. J. Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI). 2020; 25 (4):644-652. Indonesia.
Babaji BA, Yahaya RA, Mahadi MA, Jaliya MM, Ajeigbe HA, Sharifai AI, et al. Response of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] to residual effect of different application rates of sheep manure on chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum). J. of Food, Agric. & Environ. 2010;8(2):339-343.
Mandal UK, Singh G, Victor US, Sharam KL. Green manuring: its effect on soil roperties and crop growth under rice-wheat cropping system. Eur. J Agron. 2003;19(2):225-237.
Mogle UP, Naikwade PV, Patil SD. Residual effect of organic manure on growth and yield of Vigna unguiculata (l) Walp and Lablab purpureus L. Sci. Res. Reporter. 2013;3(2):135-141.
Ram M, Davari MR, Sharma SN. Direct, residual and cumulative effects of organic manures and biofertilizers on yields, NPK uptake, grain quality and economics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under organic farming of rice-wheat cropping system. J. Organic Systems. 2014;9(1):16-30.
Lanna NBL, Silva PNL, Colombari LF, Corrêa CV, Cardoso AII. Residual effect of organic fertilization on radish production. Hortic. bras. 2018;36(1):47-53.
Afrida E, Rauf A, Hanum H, Harnowo D. Residual Effect Of Organic Fertilizer And Addition Inorganik Fertilizer To Nutrient Uptake, Growth And Productions Of Black Soy Bean (Glycine Max L. Merr) At Rainfed Areas. Internas. J. Scient. & Tech. Res. 2015;4(02):182-190.
Sharma LK, Zaeen AA, Bali SK, Dwyer JD. Improving Nitrogen and Phosphorus Efficiency for Optimal Plant Growth and Yield. New Visions in Plant Science. IntechOpen; 2017.
Malhotra H, Vandana, Sharma S, Pandey R. Phosphorus Nutrition: Plant Growth in Response to Deficiency and Excess. In: M. Hasanuzzaman et al. (eds.). Plant Nutrients and Abiotic Stress Tolerance; 2018.
Abstract View: 217 times
PDF Download: 147 times